Empleabilidad y trabajo del profesorado universitario. Una revision del campo

Jimena Botero Sarassa, Erico Rentería Peréz

Resumen

Se presenta la revisión de publicaciones especializadas sobre empleabilidad y trabajo del profesorado universitario. Se consideran las dimensiones socio-económica y política, educativa, organizacional e individual. En cada una se recopilan aspectos que inciden en la relación del profesorado universitario con su trabajo, así como abordajes de la empleabilidad, estrategias de desarrollo, y actores implicados. Con base en ello se presenta una aproximación multidimensional, dinámica y situacional del fenómeno, que involucra diferentes actores sociales. En este abordaje se reconoce la influencia de aspectos estructurales e individuales que incluyen la agencia y la reflexividad. Se concluye recopilando algunos aspectos tratados y resaltando posturas críticas y paradojas que podrían señalar áreas de trabajo para la investigación posterior.

Palabras clave

Empleabilidad; Trabajo Académico; Profesorado Universitario; Psicología Organizacional y del Trabajo

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias

Andrews, Jane & Higson, Helen (2008). Graduate Employability, “Soft Skills” Versus “Hard” Business Knowledge: A European Study. Higher Education in Europe, 33(4), 411–422. https://doi.org/10.1080/03797720802522627

Ball, Stephen J. (2013). Performatividad y fabricaciones en la economía educacional: rumbo a una sociedad performativa. Pedagogía y Saberes, 38, 103.113. https://doi.org/10.17227/01212494.38pys103.11

Bardin, Laurence (2002). Análisis de contenido. Madrid: Ediciones Akal S.A.

Barrow, Rosemary; Behr, Charlotte; Deacy, Susan; Mchardy, Fiona & Tempest, Kathryn (2010). Embedding Employability into a Classics Curriculum. Arts and Humanities in Higher Education, 9(3), 339–352. https://doi.org/10.1177/1474022209350294

Bauman, Zygmunt (2006). Modernidad Líquida. Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica.

Beck, Ulrich & Beck-Gernsheim, Elisabeth (2002). Individualization. Institutionalized Individualism and its Social and Political Consequences. Published in association with Theory, Culture & Society. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/lib/royallibrary/Doc?id=10076723

Bentley, Peter James & Kyvik, Svein (2011). Academic work from a comparative perspective: a survey of faculty working time across 13 countries. Higher Education, 63(4), 529–547. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-011-9457-4

Berntson, Erik; Sverke, Magnus & Marklund, Staffan (2006). Predicting Perceived Employability: Human Capital or Labour Market Opportunities? Economic and Industrial Democracy, 27(2), 223–244. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143831X06063098

Billig, Michael (2013). Academic words and academic capitalism. Athenea Digital, 13(1), 7-12. https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/athenea.1108

Blanch, Josep M. (2014). Calidad de vida laboral en hospitales y universidades mercantilizados. Papeles del Psicólogo, 35(1), 40–47. Recuperado de http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=778/77830184006

Boden, Rebecca & Nedeva, Maria (2010). Employing discourse: universities and graduate “employability”. Journal of Education Policy, 25(1), 37–54. https://doi.org/10.1080/02680930903349489

Bosi, Antônio De Pádua (2007). A precarização do trabalho docente nas instituições de ensino superior do Brasil nesses últimos 25 anos. Educação & Sociedade, 28(101), 1503–1523. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-73302007000400012

Bozu, Zoia & Herrera, Pedro José Canto (2009). El profesorado universitario en la sociedad del conocimiento : competencias profesionales docentes. Revista de Formación e Innovación Educativa Universitaria, 2, 87–97. Recuperado de http://refiedu.webs.uvigo.es/Refiedu/Vol2_2/REFIEDU_2_2_4.pdf

Bridgstock, Ruth (2009). The graduate attributes we’ve overlooked: Enhancing graduate employability through career management skills. Higher Education Research & Development, 28(1), 31–44. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07294360802444347

Brown, Phillip; Hesketh, Anthony & Williams, Sarah (2004). The Mismanagement of Talent: Employability and Jobs in the Knowledge Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brunner, José Joaquín (2009). The Bologna Process from a Latin American Perspective. Journal of Studies in International Education, 13(4), 417–438. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315308329805

Brunner, José Joaquín (2011). University governance: typology, dynamics and trends. Revista de Educacion, (355), 137–159.

Butterwick, Shauna & Dawson, Jane (2005). Undone business: Examining the production of academic labour. Women’s Studies International Forum, 28(1), 51–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wsif.2005.02.004

Cassidy, Simon (2006). Developing employability skills: peer assessment in higher education. Education + Training, 48(7), 508–517. https://doi.org/10.1108/00400910610705890

Cavalli, Alessandro & Moscati, Roberto (2010). Academic systems and professional conditions in five european countries. European Review, 18(S1), S35–S53. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1062798709990305

Charles, Nicolas (2015). When Training is not Enough: Preparing Students for Employment in England, France and Sweden. Sociologie Du Travail, 57, e1–e21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soctra.2015.09.008

Clarke, Marilyn (2008). Understanding and managing employability in changing career contexts. Journal of European Industrial Training, 32(4), 258–284. https://doi.org/10.1108/03090590810871379

Courtney, Kathy (2013). Adapting Higher Education through Changes in Academic Work. Higher Education Quarterly, 67(1), 40–55. https://doi.org/10.1111/hequ.12002

Cranmer, Sue (2006). Enhancing graduate employability: best intentions and mixed outcomes. Studies in Higher Education, 31(2), 169–184. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075070600572041

Da Silva, Luciana (2013). A formação de formadores no contexto da transnacionalização educativa: reflexões a partir da aplicação do processo de Bolonha em Espanha e Portugal. Educação e Sociedade, 34(122), 247–263. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-73302013000100014

Dacre-Pool, Lorraine & Sewell, Peter (2007). The key to employability: developing a practical model of graduate employability. Education + Training, 49(4), 277–289. https://doi.org/10.1108/00400910710754435

De Vos, Ans; De Hauw, Sara & Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M. (2011). Competency development and career success: The mediating role of employability. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 79(2), 438–447. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2011.05.010

De Vos, Ans & Soens, Nele (2008). Protean attitude and career success: The mediating role of self-management. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73(3), 449–456. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2008.08.007

Ellis, Viv; McNicholl, Jane; Blake, Allan & McNally, Jim (2014). Academic work and proletarianisation: A study of higher education-based teacher educators. Teaching and Teacher Education, 40, 33–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2014.01.008

Erdogan, Berrin & Bauer, Talya N. (2005). Enhancing career benefits of employee proactive personality: The role of fit with jobs and organizations. Personnel Psychology, 58(4), 859–891. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2005.00772.x

Ferreira, Izabel Cristina (2012). Trabalho e produtivismo: saúde e modo de vida de docentes de instituições públicas de Ensino Superior. Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho, 15, 81–100. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1981-0490.v15i1p81-100

Forrier, Anneleen & Sels, Luc (2003). The concept employability: a complex mosaic. International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management, 3(2), 102–124. Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-33749233981&partnerID=tZOtx3y1

Forrier, Anneleen; Sels, Luc & Stynen, Dave (2009). Career mobility at the intersection between agency and structure: A conceptual model. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 82(4), 739–759. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317909X470933

Forrier, Anneleen; Verbruggen, Marijke & De Cuyper, Nele (2015). Integrating different notions of employability in a dynamic chain: The relationship between job transitions, movement capital and perceived employability. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 89, 56–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2015.04.007

Fugate, Mel & Kinicki, Angelo J. (2008). A dispositional approach to employability: Development of a measure and test of implications for employee reactions to organizational change. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 81(3), 503–527. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317907X241579

Fugate, Mel; Kinicki, Angelo J. & Ashforth, Blake E. (2004). Employability: A psycho-social construct, its dimensions, and applications. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65(1), 14–38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2003.10.005

Fuller, Bryan & Marler, Laura E. (2009). Change driven by nature: A meta-analytic review of the proactive personality literature. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75(3), 329–345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2009.05.008

Fumasoli, Tatiana; Goastellec, Gaële & Kehm, Barbara M. (2015). Academic work and careers in Europe: Trends, challenges, perspectives (12th ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84945136824&partnerID=tZOtx3y1

Gacel-Ávila, Jocelyne (2011). The impact of the Bologna Process on higher education in Latin America . Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento, 8(2), 285–295. Retrieved from https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-79960708330&partnerID=40&md5=ea17dc1e198857cff889e24bd4580c06

García, José (2013). Profesar la profesión de profesor. Entre el filósofo y el agente doble. Athenea Digital, 14(1), 13–27. https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/athenead/v14n1.884

Gazier, Bernard (2001). Employability-The Complexity of a Policy Notion. In PatriciaWeinert, Michèle Baukens, Patrick Bollérot, Marina Pineschi-Gapànne & Ulrich Walwei (Eds.), Employabily: From theory to practice (pp. 3–23). New Brunwick, London: Transaction Publishers.

Granovetter, Mark S. (1973). The Strength of Weak Ties’. American Journal of Sociology, 78(6), 1360–1380. https://doi.org/10.1086/225469

Green, Wendy; Hammer, Sarah & Star, Cassandra (2009). Facing up to the challenge: why is it so hard to develop graduate attributes? Higher Education Research & Development, 28(1), 17–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360802444339

Guilbert, Laure; Bernaud, Jean-Luc; Gouvernet, Brice & Rossier, Jérôme (2015). Employability: review and research prospects. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 16(1), 69–89. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-015-9288-4

Haasler, Simone R. (2013). Employability skills and the notion of “self.” International Journal of Training and Development, 17(3), 233–243. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijtd.12012

Harvey, David (2006). A Brief History of Neoliberalism review. Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews, 35(5), 529–530. https://doi.org/10.1177/009430610603500554

Hermanowicz, Joseph C. (2016). Universities, academic careers, and the valorization of “Shiny Things.” Research in the Sociology of Organizations, 46, 303–328. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0733-558X201646

Hernández-Fernaud, Estefanía; Ramos-Sapena, Yeray; Negrín, Fátima; Ruiz-de la Rosa, Carmen Inés & Hernández, Bernardo (2011). Empleabilidad Percibida y Autoeficacia para la Búsqueda de Empleo en Universitarios. Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de Las Organizaciones, 27(2), 131–142. https://doi.org/10.5093/tr2011v27n2a5

Hillage, Jim & Pollard, Emma (1998). Employability: developing a framework for policy analysis. Retrieved from https://www.education.gov.uk/publications/eOrderingDownload/RB85.pdf

Holmes, Leonard (2013). Competing perspectives on graduate employability: possession, position or process? Studies in Higher Education, 38(4), 538–554. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2011.587140

Jackson, Denise & Wilton, Nicholas (2016). Developing career management competencies among undergraduates and the role of work-integrated learning. Teaching in Higher Education, 21(3), 266–286. https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2015.1136281

Jones, Glen A. (2013). The horizontal and vertical fragmentation of academic work and the challenge for academic governance and leadership. Asia Pacific Education Review, 14(1), 75–83. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12564-013-9251-3

Kalleberg, Arne L. (2009). Precarious Work, Insecure Workers: Employment Relations in Transition. American Sociological Review, 74(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/000312240907400101

Ladd, Helen F. (2007). Teacher Labor Markets in Developed Countries. The Future of Children, 17(1), 201–217. https://doi.org/10.1353/foc.2007.0006

Lindsay, Colin; McQuaid, Ronald & Dutton, Matthew (2007). New Approaches to Employability in the UK: Combining “Human Capital Development” and “Work First” Strategies? Journal of Social Policy, 36(4), 539. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047279407001171

Luthans, Fred; Avolio, Bruce J.; Avey, James B. & Norman, Steven M. (2007). Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2007.00083.x

Lynch, Kathleen & Ivancheva, Mariya (2015). Academic freedom and the commercialisation ofuniversities: a critical ethical analysis. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics, 15, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3354/esep00160

Macfarlane, Bruce (2011). The Morphing of Academic Practice: Unbundling and the Rise of the Para-academic. Higher Education Quarterly, 65(1), 59–73. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2273.2010.00467.x

Malvezzi, Sigmar (1999). El agente económico reflexivo. Desarrollo y capacitación, 49, 16-19.

Marchington, Mick; Grimshaw, Damien; Rubery, Jill & Wilmott, Hugh (2011). Fragmenting Work: Blurring Organizational Boundaries and Disordering Hierarchies. New York: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262236.001.0001

Martínez, Marisela & Tarrès, Joan (2013). La fábrica de conocimientos: In/corporación del capitalismo cognitivo en el contexto universitario. Athenea Digital, 13(1), 139–154. https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/athenead/v13n1.1031

Maués, Olgaíses (2010). A reconfiguração do trabalho docente na educação superior. Educar, 141–160. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-40602010000400007

McCowan, Tristan (2015). Should universities promote employability? Theory and Research in Education, 13(3), 267–285. https://doi.org/10.1177/1477878515598060

McQuaid, Ronald; Green, Anne & Danson, Mike (2005). Introducing employability. Urban Studies, 42(2), 191–195. https://doi.org/10.1080/0042098042000316092

McQuaid, Ronald & Lindsay, Colin Dale (2005). The concept of employability. Urban Studies, 42(2), 197–219. https://doi.org/10.1080/0042098042000316100

Moreau, Marie-Pierre & Leathwood, Carole (2006). Graduates’ employment and the discourse of employability: a critical analysis. Journal of Education & Work, 19(4), 305–324. https://doi.org/10.1080/13639080600867083

Nauta, Aukje; Vianen, Annelies; Heijden, Beatrice; Dam, Karen & Willemsen, Marja (2009). Understanding the factors that promote employability orientation: The impact of employability culture, career satisfaction, and role breadth self-efficacy. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 82(2), 233–251. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317908X320147

Nunes, Maiana Farias Oliveira; Hutz, Claudio Simon; Pires, Jeferson Gervasio & Oliveira, Cassandra Melo (2014). Subjective well-being and time use of brazilian PhD professors. Paideia, 24(59), 379–387. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-43272459201412

Parker, Ian (2014). Managing Neoliberalism and the Strong State in Higher Education: Psychology Today. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 11(3), 250–264. https://doi.org/10.1080/14780887.2013.872214

Potgieter, Ingrid & Coetzee, Melinde (2013). Employability attributes and personality preferences of postgraduate business management students. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 39(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v39i1.1064

Rentería, Erico (2012). Desarrollo de la empleabilidad como estrategia para las organizaciones: Limitaciones, posibilidades e implicaciones para las personas. Revista Aristeo 2(2), 69–90.

Rentería, Erico (2016). Salud, bienestar y mundo del trabajo. Entre lo normativo, los riesgos, y la coexistencia de realidades. En: Marcio Costa & Jacir Zanatta (Orgs.), Psicologia da Saúde: discussões temáticas (pp. 171-192). Campo Grande, Brasil: Editora da UCDB.

Rentería, Erico; Giraldo, Alba Luz & Malvezzi, Sigmar (2017). Empleabilidad: inserción y movilidad en mercados de trabajo de recien egresados de una universidad pública colombiana. In Carlos Mejía (Org.), Paisajes laborales postfordistas en el Sur Occidente colombiano. Estudios del trabajo en el Valle del Cauca y norte del Cauca. Cali: Programa Editorial Universidad del Valle.

Rentería, Erico & Malvezzi, Sigmar (2008). Empleabilidad, cambios y exigencias psicosociales en el trabajo. Universitas Psychologica, 7(2), 319–334.

Rothwell, Andrew & Arnold, John (2007). Self perceived employability: development and validation of a scale. Personnel Review, 36(1), 23–41. https://doi.org/10.1108/00483480710716704

Schaufeli, Wilmar. B. (2013). ‘What is Engagement?’ in Employee Engagement. In Catherine Truss, Kerstin Alfes, Rick Delbridge, Amanda Shantz & Emma Soanre (Eds.), Theory and Practice (pp. 29-49). London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203076965

Schwartz, Robert B.; Wurtzel, Judy & Olson, Lynn (2007). Attracting and retaining teachers. OECD Observer, (261), 27–28. Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-53749105991&partnerID=tZOtx3y1

Scott, John C. (2006). The Mission of the University: Medieval to Postmodern Transformations. The Journal of Higher Education, 77(1), 1–39. https://doi.org/10.1353/jhe.2006.0007

Sennett, Richard (2000). La corrosión del carácter: las consecuencias personales del trabajo en el nuevo capitalismo. Barcelona: Anagrama.

Sin, Cristina & Neave, Guy (2014). Employability deconstructed: perceptions of Bologna stakeholders. Studies in Higher Education, 41(8), 1447–1462. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2014.977859

Smith, Vicki (2010). Review article: Enhancing employability: Human, cultural, and social capital in an era of turbulent unpredictability. Human Relations, 63(2), 279–300. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726709353639

Spink, Peter (2011). ¿Qué pasó con el trabajo?: De la centralidad de los zapatos, barcos y lacre a los problemas planteados por los cerdos volando. Athenea Digital, 11(3), 3–23. https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/athenead/v11n3.955

Tamez-González, Silvia & Pérez-Domínguez,Josué Federico (2009). El trabajador universitario: entre el malestar y la lucha. Educação & Sociedade, 30(107), 373–387. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-73302009000200004

Thijssen, Johannes G. L.; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M. & Rocco, Tonette S. (2008). Toward the Employability-Link Model: Current Employment Transition to Future Employment Perspectives. Human Resource Development Review, 7(2), 165–183. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534484308314955

Tholen, Gerbrand (2013). What can research into graduate employability tell us about agency and structure? British Journal of Sociology of Education, 36(5), 766–784. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2013.847782

Tomlinson, Michael (2007). Graduate employability and student attitudes and orientations to the labour market. Journal of Education and Work, 20(4), 285–304. https://doi.org/10.1080/13639080701650164

Tomlinson, Michael (2008). “The degree is not enough”: students’ perceptions of the role of higher education credentials for graduate work and employability. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 29(1), 49–61. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425690701737457

Tomlinson, Michael (2010). Investing in the self: structure, agency and identity in graduates’ employability. Education, Knowledge and Economy, 4(2), 73–88. https://doi.org/10.1080/17496896.2010.499273

Turner, Nancy K. (2014). Development of self-belief for employability in higher education: ability, efficacy and control in context. Teaching in Higher Education, 19(6), 592–602. https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2014.901951

Van Der Heijde, Claudia M. & Van Der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M. (2006). A competence-based and multidimensional operationalization and measurement of employability. Human Resource Management, 45(3), 449–476. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrm.20119

Van der Klink, Jac Jl.; Bültmann, Ute; Burdorf, Alex; Schaufeli, Wilmar B.; Zijlstra, Fred Rh; Abma, Femke I.; Brouwer, Sandra & Van der Wilt, Gert Jan (2016). Sustainable employability - definition, conceptualization, and implications: A perspective based on the capability approach. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 42(1), 71–9. https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3531

Wiepcke, Claudia (2009). Employability in the Bologna process: An area of tension between society, businesses and students. International Journal of Learning, 16(4), 435–446. Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-77950145825&partnerID=tZOtx3y1

Williams, Stella; Dodd, Lorna J.; Steele, Catherine & Randall, Raymond (2015). A systematic review of current understandings of employability. Journal of Education and Work, 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/13639080.2015.1102210

Wittekind, Anette; Raeder, Sabine & Grote, Gudela (2009). A longitudinal study of determinants of perceived employability. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(4), 566–586. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.646

Zepke, Nick & Leach, Linda (2010). Improving student engagement: Ten proposals for action. Active Learning in Higher Education, 11(3), 167–177. https://doi.org/10.1177/1469787410379680

Zmas, Aristotelis (2015). Global impacts of the Bologna Process: international perspectives, local particularities. Compare, 45(5), 727–747. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2014.899725

Métricas de artículo

Cargando métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
Copyright (c) 2019 Jimena Botero Sarassa, Erico Rentería Peréz