El inconsciente en psicología social y psicología: Una metáfora para sus crisis

Marlon Xavier, Cristina Lhullier

Resumen

Este ensayo teórico hace un análisis crítico de una metáfora (Brown & Stenner, 2009) para las crisis en psicología y psicología social, sus objetos de estudio y antropologías filosóficas relacionadas: Moby-Dick. Al interpretarla simbólicamente como mito, planteamos que la cuestión central para las crisis ha sido el concepto de inconsciente. Así revaloramos la historia y orígenes sociales del concepto, centrándonos en el psicoanálisis freudiano y su mito, “la leyenda freudiana”: cómo su noción de sujeto, modelo de psicología, y concepto de inconsciente han impactado la psicología (social), culminando con un análisis del inconsciente en la psicología social hoy. Concluimos presentando una propuesta: una antropología filosófica distinta basada en el rescate de un concepto humanista de inconsciente, y del campo simbólico, como fundamento para el social (cultura) y el sujeto, y así para una nueva psicología social que re-une modelos de las ciencias naturales y humanas.

Palabras clave

Psicología Social; Crisis; Historia de la Psicología; Inconsciente

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