Experimentando con lo urbano: Políticas, discursos y prácticas de la ciudad inteligente y la datificación

Martin Tironi Rodó

Resumen

En estos últimos años, el concepto de smart city se ha impuesto en los discursos y prácticas urbanas, transformándose en un sello cada vez más anhelado por las metrópolis de todo el mundo. El denominado smart urbanism surge de la premisa que indica que, por medio de la aplicación de soluciones digitales, las urbes pueden transformarse en territorios más eficientes, predecibles y sustentables. Pero, ¿qué escenarios y consecuencias sociotécnicas plantea la extensión de sensores y algoritmos inteligentes en la ciudad? En este artículo exploro algunos de los debates contemporáneos y desafíos analíticos que emergen frente a la noción de ciudad inteligente. Me sirvo de claves interpretativas provenientes de los Science and Technology Studies (STS) y discuto la naturaleza experimental de la noción de smart city y los efectos que presentan los procesos de dataficación sobre los espacios urbanos y los individuos. Concluyo con una cita a la figura conceptual del idiota de Isabelle Stengers, enunciando una reflexión crítica sobre la visión de ciudad que contiene el paradigma de la smart city.

Palabras clave

Smart City; Dataficación; Algoritmos; Ciudad Idiótica

Texto completo:

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